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Voronezh, Russia
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Welcome To Voronezh!

Voronezh is situated d is situated in, what is known as, the Black Earth Region, a particularly fertile agricultural area. However, Voronezh itself is an industrial city, home to a large rubber and tire plant and the Ilyushin Aircraft Company. Voronezh has a strong educational base with nine universities specializing in industry, agriculture, arts and science, including the third largest university in Russia.

The historic city of Voronezh is situated in the heart of Russia, 550 kilometers from Moscow. Voronezh houses around 20 institutes of higher education, including Voronezh State University. The city lies on the river Voronezh (a tributary of the river Don), and the port where Peter the Great built his famous fleet in the 17th century, which changed the course of Russian history. Voronezh has a population of around 1 million, and is particularly famous for its aeronautical and space industry. Famous Russian writers A. Platonov and I. Bunin were born here and Commandoes spent a large part of his life in Voronezh. Voronezh is a provincial city and you will get more benefit out of living here than in Moscow and St Petersburg. There are less foreigners, which means that you will speak more Russian here; it is less westernized, so you have a better chance to see real Russia; it is cheaper to live in and the crime statistics are far smaller than in the Russian capitals. Voronezh is easily reached by a regular overnight train from Moscow. There is also an airport in Voronezh.

Voronezh History

The basic attributed of both symbols is an overturned water jug, which does not cease to supply water. The flow of water symbolizes Voronezh river. The panel is crowned by the gold five-tower crown and is surrounded by oak leaves, connected by blue tape.

In 1695 to Voronezh, based in 1585 on with right to the bank of similar river, not far from its fall to the Don, arrived Peter I, on indication of whom was here elevated the shipyard for the construction it was ship the assumed march in Azov. In short time it was possible to build a large quantity of different type of combat ships, to equip with their armament and to train crews. The fleet went down on the Don, blocked Azov from the sea, it created conditions for its taking.

So Voronezh became the cradle of the military, and then the commercial fleet of Russia. The overturned vessel, from which escapes Voronezh river, symbolizes not only geographical location of city, but also place, where Russian fleet was conceived and from where its march into the world ocean began. The continuous flow of the water, which issues itself from the jug, indicates, that the city remains young and successfully fulfills the functions of the defender of the fatherland. It was conceived as fortress for the defense of Middle-Russian strip from the raiders of Crimean and Tatar's.

More Voronezh History

Voronezh is an ancient city dating from 1586 when a fortress was built as part of the Belgorod Line, a series of defenses on the southern edge of the Russian State designed to repel Tartar invasions. The city lies on the Voronezh River, both east and west banks, which flows into the nearby Don which in turn leads to the Black Sea. It was its favorable geographical position that led to the growth of the city as an important trading route. The city really took off under the reign of Peter the Great who, following defeat at the hands of the Turks at Azov, decreed that Russia must have a navy, and that these ships should be built in Voronezh. So in 1695 Peter the Great decreed that Voronezh should be the center of the shipbuilding industry in Russia, craftsmen from around Europe were brought to Voronezh, and just one year later Peter sailed at the head of his new fleet, in his flagship Principium, and captured Azov. The region prospered as the navy grew and supporting industries were established. The city took on a cosmopolitan air as the influence of the influx of foreign craftsman was felt. Styles of dress and architecture changed to make Voronezh far from an average Russian city. Unfortunately these buildings were mostly destroyed in a great fire that swept through the city in 1748. Voronezh lies in the Black Earth region (the soil is really black) and is known as Russia's breadbasket, as Voronezh grew so did its agricultural industry to become a crucial element of the economy.

Voronezh was the scene of fierce fighting during the Russian Civil war of 1917-20 with the city changing hands a number of times. During the following years the regions industry expanded, aircraft production began and steel and rubber plants grew larger. Voronezh played a pivotal role in the Second World War, or Great Patriotic War as it is known in Russia. The Nazis advance into Russia was halted here, the Germans occupied the West bank of the river, but could not cross to the East. The surrounding Black Earth region saw crucial battles that turned the tide of the war, including the largest tank battle in history at Kursk. Voronezh was almost completely destroyed, 92% of the city was in ruins, what was left had been turned into a huge minefield, 58,000 were found following the liberation (only Stalingrad and Sevastopol had more). But the people had not been defeated. The city was rebuilt, ancient buildings recreated, but the rivalry between Moscow and Voronezh manifested itself in the disgraceful decision not to recognize the sacrifice of Voronezh as Stalin refused to grant 'Hero City' status, something Moscow has even though no fighting actually took place there.


The Voronezh Regionís leading industries are machine engineering and metals, food and beverages, energy, and chemicals and petrochemicals. Together they account for over 80% of total output. The machine engineering and metal processing sector accounts for 24% of total industrial output. Its main segments are aircraft manufacturing, machinery and machine tool production, agriculture machinery manufacturing, and excavators. The sectorís largest companies include OAO VEKS, FGUP Voronezh Mechanical Engineering Plant, OAO Voronezh Aluminum Assemblies Plant, and OAO VZSAK. The good and beverages sector accounts for 23.8% of total industrial output. The Voronezh Region is home to 12 sugar refineries, 15 meat factories, six flour mills, two groats mills, seven edible fat and oil companies, eight distilleries, five canned food factories, 34 dairies, 45 food plants, and over 120 bread factories and bakeries. Business Guide includes all principal sectors and industries in the region: manufacturing, wholesalers, retailers, construction, transport, communication, agribusiness, financial and insurance companies, banks.

See: Voronezh Photos

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