The Kursk Region
The region Kursk lies in the southwest of European Russia and borders on the regions Briansk, Orel, Lipeck, Voronezh, Belgorod as well as Ukraine to the South. The surface amounts to about 30 thousand km2 (approximately the size of Switzerland), the population is about 1.34 million humans. The largest city in the region is Kursk with a population of 417,200 in 2005. Other large cities in the Kursk Region are; Zheleznogorsk (93.000), Kurchatov (47.000), Lgov (26.000).
See: Kommersant Russia's Daily Online - Kursk Region for more detailed information
Map of position of Kursk Region in Russia
The region lies in the area of the moderate-continental climate, the middle temperature in January is about -8 C (17 F) and in July +19 C(66 F). The geographical location of Kursk is favorable, since it is appropriate for neighbor states of Russia in the intersection of the traffic streams from Russia into the industrially developed regions of the Ukraine on the one hand and in in the Caucasus on the other hand. By the region lead two oil and six gas pipelines. It is well-known also as the center of the Kursk Anomaly of Magnet, the world largest iron ore basin. In the Kursk Region it possesses in addition gold, uranium, platinum, germanium and numerous rare metals. Also considerable oil fields were discovered not too long ago in the region. The soils are very futile and the region has approximately 70% from black earth soils exist. It is a region of mixed woodlands (oaks, maples, lime trees) and pastureland coined-shaped, in the south has the vegetation partially already a steppe character.
Kursk Region Flag
The administrative center of the this region is the city of Kursk. It is approximately 540 km south of Moscow. There is more than thousand-year old history of its existence and the city has been thru a lot. It is one of the oldest Russian cities, since approximately 982-984, as a fortress of Russia. The oldest part of Kursk lay on the hills around the valley of the river. In the year 1185, the Prince Vsevolod of Kursk participated in a the campaign. The city developed fast, however its development changed in 13th Century suddenly by the devastating Mongol storm interrupted it like most devastated western Russian areas. After a number of wars around the Russian areas from the foreign rule it became in the year 1508 part of the large principality of Moscow. From now on Kursk of Moscow was borderland against Poland and the savage field. In the 17th Century Kursk had to withstand several times Polish attacks. In 1708 it became part of the city Government of Kiev, then later the Government of Belgorod, until she became the center of her own Government, starting from the 1960's . It became the city junction of the railway lines from north to south and from the east to west, which accelerated its development. By the turn of the century the region came however into an economic crisis. There were serious development only again in the 1930's in the time of the general industrialization.
Kursk Region Town Names
1. Dmitriyevskiy r. 2. Zheleznogorskiy r. 3. Fatezhskiy r. 4. Ponyrovskiy r. 5. Zolotukhinsk r. 6. Shchigrovskiy r. 7. Shchigry 8. Cheremisinovskiy r. 9. Soviet r. 10. Kastoren r. 11. Khomutovskiy r. 12. Konyshevskiy r. 13. Kurchatovskiy r. 14. Kurchatov 15. October
r. 16. Kursk r. 17. g. Kursk 18. Solntsevskiy r. 19. Timskiy r. 20. Gorshechen r. 21. Rylsky r. 22. L'govskiy r. 23. Lgov 24. Glushkovskiy r. 25. Korenevskiy r. 26. Sudzhanskiy r. 27. Bol'shesoldatskiy r. 28. Medvenskiy r. 29. Belovskiy r. 30. Oboyanskiy r. 31. Pristen r. 32. Manturovskiy r.
****************** Battle of Kursk, WWII
During the second WWII Kursk was occupied from 4 November 1941 by 8 February 1943 of the Nazis, who in the city large destruction caused and which population endless wrong caused. The battle of Kursk on 5.-23 August, 5th-23rd of 1943, which was received into the annals as the largest tank battle in history, was one of the most crucial events of the Second World War. The tank battle occurred at the Kursk elbow at the village Prohorovka, it involved thousands of tanks and hundred-thousands of soldiers on both sides. After Kursk the Red Army took over finally the strategic initiative. As result of the two-year occupation remained approximate. inhabitant of Kursk they kidnapped 10.000, shooting 10,000 and 30,000 was forced laborers to Germany. One year after release 40 industrial plants were already restored and could make still another contribution for the defeat of Nazi Germany.
After the war the city was rebuilt fast, it developed new quarters and industries. After the end of the Soviet Union 1991 the region, which ranked for many centuries among the heart of the country, became suddenly again borderland. Today the city is an important culture, science and industrial center with 435.000 inhabitants. To the prominent industries metalworking, food and chemical industry, as well as the agriculture. The rich history of the city left such architecture monuments like the Sergiev Kazansky and the Znamensky Cathedral, the Officer House, the Building of the Philharmonic Concert Hall, the Palace of the Prince Family Bariatinsky, the Historical-Architectural Ensemble, and Korennaya Pustyn. Not far from Prohorovka are the command conditions of marshal Rokossovsky from the Kursk battle of 1943, converted to the museum. The city possesses numerous education and institutions for culture.